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凌源市农村留守儿童问题分析与对策

作者:代写论文  来源:http://www.starlunwen.com/  发布时间:2010-03-31 20:32:46

【中文摘要】 在农村随着剩余劳动力的转移,出现大量外出务工人员,也随之产生一个特殊的未成年人群体——农村留守儿童。留守儿童是社会的一个弱势群体,需要全社会予以高度重视。我们的目的是更好的培养他们,成为社会有用的人才。本文试图从凌源市农村留守儿童调查现状,论述农村留守儿童存在以下几方面的问题:在学生自身方面表现出学习成绩差、心理健康问题严重、价值观扭曲;在学校教育方面表现出教育资源不足、教育制度存在缺陷;在家庭教育方面表现出家庭教育意识淡薄、教育内容片面、家长自身能力有限等问题。学校教育方面。基于这些问题的存在,查找问题存在的原因,从三个大方面对问题产生进行分析,一是从社会角度看,大量农民工进城以及城乡壁垒的存在是留守儿童形成的根本原因。二是从家庭角度看,家庭教育和亲情缺失是影响留守儿童健康发展的主要原因。三是从学校教育角度看,有效的管理留守儿童机制尚未建立起来。学校教育的无效性;教师角色期望的制度化;家庭和学校教育之间的疏离等都是问题存在的原因。本文通过问卷、调查、了解、归纳等方法综合分析农村留守儿童存在的问题,基于凌源实际,探讨解决凌源市农村留守儿童问题的对策,首先要把留守当成一种教育资源;其次要...更多发挥家庭教育的积极作用,通过增加与学龄前孩子的沟通和交流及延长与孩子共处的时间来实现;第三要充分发挥学校的教育功能,通过加强与留守儿童家长或监护人沟通与联系、充分发挥老师的作用、大力推进素质教育、开设心理健康课程或设立心理健康咨询室等途径;第三是发挥政府的职能作用,通过在政策层面及寄宿制学校的建设入手;最后是发挥社会组织的协调作用,特别是媒体与群团组织的作用。 

【英文摘要】 This paper is mainly focus on analysis of children raised away from their working parents in Lingyuan, explain the reason, then try to find out a solution of this issue, which emerged along with Chinese rapid development.There are three parts of this paper. First part is an analysis base on the situation of children raised away from their working parents in Lingyuan.Second part is facing the situation directly and analyzing the reason. First, the author introduced the background of children raised away from their working parents in Lingyuan briefly. Education resources are very unequal between city and countryside. There is a also a big gap between countryside parents and city parents attitude to children education. The children raised away from their working parents are lake of love of parents, may have some psychological problems. Schools don’t like this kind of children since no more mentor after class. It’s also very hard for children to come along with their working parents. Next,... the author emphasized the education problems and reasons. Firstly, education situation of children raised away from their working parents. Secondly, two problems in education. One is family education’s disadvantages, the other one is parents feel they can do nothing to help with children education. Thirdly, analysis on education reasons. The main reason is barrier between city and countryside. Not enough family education and love, no effective management way in school. Family and school cannot cooperate with each other successfully.Third part is about the solutions. Firstly, objective attitude is needed of this issue. Secondly, make use of family education. Base on love and care of each other, communicate with children, to build up a solid foundation of education. Thirdly, make use of both schools and teachers. For schools, should communicate with parents or guardians more. For example, personal profile of children, parents hot-lines. From teachers side, it would be better if they can play both teacher’s and mother’s roles. Competency education and psychology consulting are also very necessary. Fourthly, make use of government and society, to pay more attention on this issue. For government, more related policies, investments are needed. For media, more promotion about this issue is needed. The whole society cooperate with each other is also very important. 

【中文关键词】 留守儿童; 农村教育; 凌源市
【英文关键词】 Children raised; Country education; Lingyuan city


本文TAGS:凌源市农村留守儿童问题分析与对策 ——代写农学论文
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